Topics in Cognitive Science (edited by Martin Rohrmeier and Patrick Rebuschat) Marcus Pearce and Martin Rohrmeier write in the introduction:
"Why should music be of interest to cognitive scientists, and what role
does it play in human cognition? We review three factors that make music
an important topic for cognitive scientific research. First, music is a
universal human trait fulfilling crucial roles in everyday life.
Second, music has an important part to play in ontogenetic development
and human evolution. Third, appreciating and producing music
simultaneously engage many complex perceptual, cognitive, and emotional
processes, rendering music an ideal object for studying the mind. We
propose an integrated status for music cognition in the Cognitive
Sciences and conclude by reviewing challenges and big questions in the
field and the way in which these reflect recent developments."
Pearce M, & Rohrmeier M (2012). Music cognition and the cognitive sciences. Topics in cognitive science, 4 (4), 468-84 PMID: 23060125